fi_endpoint(3) Libfabric Programmer's Manual
fi_endpoint - Fabric endpoint operations
- fi_endpoint / fi_scalable_ep / fi_passive_ep / fi_close
- Allocate or close an endpoint.
- Associate an endpoint with hardware resources, such as event queues, completion queues, counters, address vectors, or shared transmit/receive contexts.
- Associate a scalable endpoint with an address vector
- Associate a passive endpoint with an event queue
- Transitions an active endpoint into an enabled state.
- Cancel a pending asynchronous data transfer
- Create an alias to the endpoint
- Control endpoint operation.
- fi_getopt / fi_setopt
- Get or set endpoint options.
- fi_rx_context / fi_tx_context / fi_srx_context / fi_stx_context
- Open a transmit or receive context.
- fi_tc_dscp_set / fi_tc_dscp_get
- Convert between a DSCP value and a network traffic class
- fi_rx_size_left / fi_tx_size_left (DEPRECATED)
- Query the lower bound on how many RX/TX operations may be posted without an operation returning -FI_EAGAIN. This functions have been deprecated and will be removed in a future version of the library.
#include <rdma/fabric.h> #include <rdma/fi_endpoint.h> int fi_endpoint(struct fid_domain *domain, struct fi_info *info, struct fid_ep **ep, void *context); int fi_scalable_ep(struct fid_domain *domain, struct fi_info *info, struct fid_ep **sep, void *context); int fi_passive_ep(struct fi_fabric *fabric, struct fi_info *info, struct fid_pep **pep, void *context); int fi_tx_context(struct fid_ep *sep, int index, struct fi_tx_attr *attr, struct fid_ep **tx_ep, void *context); int fi_rx_context(struct fid_ep *sep, int index, struct fi_rx_attr *attr, struct fid_ep **rx_ep, void *context); int fi_stx_context(struct fid_domain *domain, struct fi_tx_attr *attr, struct fid_stx **stx, void *context); int fi_srx_context(struct fid_domain *domain, struct fi_rx_attr *attr, struct fid_ep **rx_ep, void *context); int fi_close(struct fid *ep); int fi_ep_bind(struct fid_ep *ep, struct fid *fid, uint64_t flags); int fi_scalable_ep_bind(struct fid_ep *sep, struct fid *fid, uint64_t flags); int fi_pep_bind(struct fid_pep *pep, struct fid *fid, uint64_t flags); int fi_enable(struct fid_ep *ep); int fi_cancel(struct fid_ep *ep, void *context); int fi_ep_alias(struct fid_ep *ep, struct fid_ep **alias_ep, uint64_t flags); int fi_control(struct fid *ep, int command, void *arg); int fi_getopt(struct fid *ep, int level, int optname, void *optval, size_t *optlen); int fi_setopt(struct fid *ep, int level, int optname, const void *optval, size_t optlen); uint32_t fi_tc_dscp_set(uint8_t dscp); uint8_t fi_tc_dscp_get(uint32_t tclass); DEPRECATED ssize_t fi_rx_size_left(struct fid_ep *ep); DEPRECATED ssize_t fi_tx_size_left(struct fid_ep *ep);
- On creation, specifies a fabric or access domain. On bind, identifies the event queue, completion queue, counter, or address vector to bind to the endpoint. In other cases, it’s a fabric identifier of an associated resource.
- Details about the fabric interface endpoint to be opened, obtained from fi_getinfo.
- A fabric endpoint.
- A scalable fabric endpoint.
- A passive fabric endpoint.
- Context associated with the endpoint or asynchronous operation.
- Index to retrieve a specific transmit/receive context.
- Transmit or receive context attributes.
- Additional flags to apply to the operation.
- Command of control operation to perform on endpoint.
- Optional control argument.
- Protocol level at which the desired option resides.
- The protocol option to read or set.
- The option value that was read or to set.
- The size of the optval buffer.
Endpoints are transport level communication portals. There are two types of endpoints: active and passive. Passive endpoints belong to a fabric domain and are most often used to listen for incoming connection requests. However, a passive endpoint may be used to reserve a fabric address that can be granted to an active endpoint. Active endpoints belong to access domains and can perform data transfers.
Active endpoints may be connection-oriented or connectionless, and may provide data reliability. The data transfer interfaces – messages (fi_msg), tagged messages (fi_tagged), RMA (fi_rma), and atomics (fi_atomic) – are associated with active endpoints. In basic configurations, an active endpoint has transmit and receive queues. In general, operations that generate traffic on the fabric are posted to the transmit queue. This includes all RMA and atomic operations, along with sent messages and sent tagged messages. Operations that post buffers for receiving incoming data are submitted to the receive queue.
Active endpoints are created in the disabled state. They must transition into an enabled state before accepting data transfer operations, including posting of receive buffers. The fi_enable call is used to transition an active endpoint into an enabled state. The fi_connect and fi_accept calls will also transition an endpoint into the enabled state, if it is not already active.
In order to transition an endpoint into an enabled state, it must be bound to one or more fabric resources. An endpoint that will generate asynchronous completions, either through data transfer operations or communication establishment events, must be bound to the appropriate completion queues or event queues, respectively, before being enabled. Additionally, endpoints that use manual progress must be associated with relevant completion queues or event queues in order to drive progress. For endpoints that are only used as the target of RMA or atomic operations, this means binding the endpoint to a completion queue associated with receive processing. Unconnected endpoints must be bound to an address vector.
Once an endpoint has been activated, it may be associated with an address vector. Receive buffers may be posted to it and calls may be made to connection establishment routines. Connectionless endpoints may also perform data transfers.
The behavior of an endpoint may be adjusted by setting its control data and protocol options. This allows the underlying provider to redirect function calls to implementations optimized to meet the desired application behavior.
If an endpoint experiences a critical error, it will transition back into a disabled state. Critical errors are reported through the event queue associated with the EP. In certain cases, a disabled endpoint may be re-enabled. The ability to transition back into an enabled state is provider specific and depends on the type of error that the endpoint experienced. When an endpoint is disabled as a result of a critical error, all pending operations are discarded.
fi_endpoint / fi_passive_ep / fi_scalable_ep
fi_endpoint allocates a new active endpoint. fi_passive_ep allocates a new passive endpoint. fi_scalable_ep allocates a scalable endpoint. The properties and behavior of the endpoint are defined based on the provided struct fi_info. See fi_getinfo for additional details on fi_info. fi_info flags that control the operation of an endpoint are defined below. See section SCALABLE ENDPOINTS.
If an active endpoint is allocated in order to accept a connection request, the fi_info parameter must be the same as the fi_info structure provided with the connection request (FI_CONNREQ) event.
An active endpoint may acquire the properties of a passive endpoint by setting the fi_info handle field to the passive endpoint fabric descriptor. This is useful for applications that need to reserve the fabric address of an endpoint prior to knowing if the endpoint will be used on the active or passive side of a connection. For example, this feature is useful for simulating socket semantics. Once an active endpoint acquires the properties of a passive endpoint, the passive endpoint is no longer bound to any fabric resources and must no longer be used. The user is expected to close the passive endpoint after opening the active endpoint in order to free up any lingering resources that had been used.
Closes an endpoint and release all resources associated with it.
When closing a scalable endpoint, there must be no opened transmit contexts, or receive contexts associated with the scalable endpoint. If resources are still associated with the scalable endpoint when attempting to close, the call will return -FI_EBUSY.
Outstanding operations posted to the endpoint when fi_close is called will be discarded. Discarded operations will silently be dropped, with no completions reported. Additionally, a provider may discard previously completed operations from the associated completion queue(s). The behavior to discard completed operations is provider specific.
fi_ep_bind is used to associate an endpoint with other allocated resources, such as completion queues, counters, address vectors, event queues, shared contexts, and memory regions. The type of objects that must be bound with an endpoint depend on the endpoint type and its configuration.
Passive endpoints must be bound with an EQ that supports connection management events. Connectionless endpoints must be bound to a single address vector. If an endpoint is using a shared transmit and/or receive context, the shared contexts must be bound to the endpoint. CQs, counters, AV, and shared contexts must be bound to endpoints before they are enabled either explicitly or implicitly.
An endpoint must be bound with CQs capable of reporting completions for any asynchronous operation initiated on the endpoint. For example, if the endpoint supports any outbound transfers (sends, RMA, atomics, etc.), then it must be bound to a completion queue that can report transmit completions. This is true even if the endpoint is configured to suppress successful completions, in order that operations that complete in error may be reported to the user.
An active endpoint may direct asynchronous completions to different CQs, based on the type of operation. This is specified using fi_ep_bind flags. The following flags may be OR’ed together when binding an endpoint to a completion domain CQ.
- Directs the completion of outbound data transfer requests to the specified completion queue. This includes send message, RMA, and atomic operations.
- Directs the notification of inbound data transfers to the specified completion queue. This includes received messages. This binding automatically includes FI_REMOTE_WRITE, if applicable to the endpoint.
- By default, data transfer operations write CQ completion entries
into the associated completion queue after they have successfully completed.
Applications can use this bind flag to selectively enable when
completions are generated. If FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION is specified,
data transfer operations will not generate CQ entries for successful
completions unless FI_COMPLETION is set as an operational flag for the
given operation. Operations that fail asynchronously will still generate
completions, even if a completion is not requested. FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION
must be OR’ed with FI_TRANSMIT and/or FI_RECV flags.
When FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION is set, the user must determine when a request that does NOT have FI_COMPLETION set has completed indirectly, usually based on the completion of a subsequent operation or by using completion counters. Use of this flag may improve performance by allowing the provider to avoid writing a CQ completion entry for every operation.
See Notes section below for additional information on how this flag interacts with the FI_CONTEXT and FI_CONTEXT2 mode bits.
An endpoint may optionally be bound to a completion counter. Associating an endpoint with a counter is in addition to binding the EP with a CQ. When binding an endpoint to a counter, the following flags may be specified.
- Increments the specified counter whenever a message transfer initiated over the endpoint has completed successfully or in error. Sent messages include both tagged and normal message operations.
- Increments the specified counter whenever a message is received over the endpoint. Received messages include both tagged and normal message operations.
- Increments the specified counter whenever an RMA read, atomic fetch, or atomic compare operation initiated from the endpoint has completed successfully or in error.
- Increments the specified counter whenever an RMA write or base atomic operation initiated from the endpoint has completed successfully or in error.
- Increments the specified counter whenever an RMA read, atomic fetch, or atomic compare operation is initiated from a remote endpoint that targets the given endpoint. Use of this flag requires that the endpoint be created using FI_RMA_EVENT.
- Increments the specified counter whenever an RMA write or base atomic operation is initiated from a remote endpoint that targets the given endpoint. Use of this flag requires that the endpoint be created using FI_RMA_EVENT.
An endpoint may only be bound to a single CQ or counter for a given type of operation. For example, a EP may not bind to two counters both using FI_WRITE. Furthermore, providers may limit CQ and counter bindings to endpoints of the same endpoint type (DGRAM, MSG, RDM, etc.).
fi_scalable_ep_bind is used to associate a scalable endpoint with an address vector. See section on SCALABLE ENDPOINTS. A scalable endpoint has a single transport level address and can support multiple transmit and receive contexts. The transmit and receive contexts share the transport-level address. Address vectors that are bound to scalable endpoints are implicitly bound to any transmit or receive contexts created using the scalable endpoint.
This call transitions the endpoint into an enabled state. An endpoint must be enabled before it may be used to perform data transfers. Enabling an endpoint typically results in hardware resources being assigned to it. Endpoints making use of completion queues, counters, event queues, and/or address vectors must be bound to them before being enabled.
Calling connect or accept on an endpoint will implicitly enable an endpoint if it has not already been enabled.
fi_enable may also be used to re-enable an endpoint that has been disabled as a result of experiencing a critical error. Applications should check the return value from fi_enable to see if a disabled endpoint has successfully be re-enabled.
fi_cancel attempts to cancel an outstanding asynchronous operation. Canceling an operation causes the fabric provider to search for the operation and, if it is still pending, complete it as having been canceled. An error queue entry will be available in the associated error queue with error code FI_ECANCELED. On the other hand, if the operation completed before the call to fi_cancel, then the completion status of that operation will be available in the associated completion queue. No specific entry related to fi_cancel itself will be posted.
Cancel uses the context parameter associated with an operation to identify the request to cancel. Operations posted without a valid context parameter – either no context parameter is specified or the context value was ignored by the provider – cannot be canceled. If multiple outstanding operations match the context parameter, only one will be canceled. In this case, the operation which is canceled is provider specific. The cancel operation is asynchronous, but will complete within a bounded period of time.
This call creates an alias to the specified endpoint. Conceptually, an endpoint alias provides an alternate software path from the application to the underlying provider hardware. An alias EP differs from its parent endpoint only by its default data transfer flags. For example, an alias EP may be configured to use a different completion mode. By default, an alias EP inherits the same data transfer flags as the parent endpoint. An application can use fi_control to modify the alias EP operational flags.
When allocating an alias, an application may configure either the transmit or receive operational flags. This avoids needing a separate call to fi_control to set those flags. The flags passed to fi_ep_alias must include FI_TRANSMIT or FI_RECV (not both) with other operational flags OR’ed in. This will override the transmit or receive flags, respectively, for operations posted through the alias endpoint. All allocated aliases must be closed for the underlying endpoint to be released.
The control operation is used to adjust the default behavior of an endpoint. It allows the underlying provider to redirect function calls to implementations optimized to meet the desired application behavior. As a result, calls to fi_ep_control must be serialized against all other calls to an endpoint.
The base operation of an endpoint is selected during creation using struct fi_info. The following control commands and arguments may be assigned to an endpoint.
- FI_GETOPSFLAG – uint64_t *flags
- Used to retrieve the current value of flags associated with the data transfer operations initiated on the endpoint. The control argument must include FI_TRANSMIT or FI_RECV (not both) flags to indicate the type of data transfer flags to be returned. See below for a list of control flags.
- FI_SETOPSFLAG – uint64_t *flags
- Used to change the data transfer operation flags associated with an endpoint. The control argument must include FI_TRANSMIT or FI_RECV (not both) to indicate the type of data transfer that the flags should apply to, with other flags OR’ed in. The given flags will override the previous transmit and receive attributes that were set when the endpoint was created. Valid control flags are defined below.
- FI_BACKLOG - int *value
- This option only applies to passive endpoints. It is used to set the connection request backlog for listening endpoints.
- FI_GETWAIT (void **)
- This command allows the user to retrieve the file descriptor associated with a socket endpoint. The fi_control arg parameter should be an address where a pointer to the returned file descriptor will be written. See fi_eq.3 for addition details using fi_control with FI_GETWAIT. The file descriptor may be used for notification that the endpoint is ready to send or receive data.
fi_getopt / fi_setopt
Endpoint protocol operations may be retrieved using fi_getopt or set using fi_setopt. Applications specify the level that a desired option exists, identify the option, and provide input/output buffers to get or set the option. fi_setopt provides an application a way to adjust low-level protocol and implementation specific details of an endpoint.
The following option levels and option names and parameters are defined.
- FI_OPT_MIN_MULTI_RECV - size_t
- Defines the minimum receive buffer space available when the receive buffer is released by the provider (see FI_MULTI_RECV). Modifying this value is only guaranteed to set the minimum buffer space needed on receives posted after the value has been changed. It is recommended that applications that want to override the default MIN_MULTI_RECV value set this option before enabling the corresponding endpoint.
- FI_OPT_CM_DATA_SIZE - size_t
- Defines the size of available space in CM messages for user-defined data. This value limits the amount of data that applications can exchange between peer endpoints using the fi_connect, fi_accept, and fi_reject operations. The size returned is dependent upon the properties of the endpoint, except in the case of passive endpoints, in which the size reflects the maximum size of the data that may be present as part of a connection request event. This option is read only.
- FI_OPT_BUFFERED_LIMIT - size_t
- Defines the maximum size of a buffered message that will be reported to users as part of a receive completion when the FI_BUFFERED_RECV mode is enabled on an endpoint.
fi_getopt() will return the currently configured threshold, or the provider’s default threshold if one has not be set by the application. fi_setopt() allows an application to configure the threshold. If the provider cannot support the requested threshold, it will fail the fi_setopt() call with FI_EMSGSIZE. Calling fi_setopt() with the threshold set to SIZE_MAX will set the threshold to the maximum supported by the provider. fi_getopt() can then be used to retrieve the set size.
In most cases, the sending and receiving endpoints must be configured to use the same threshold value, and the threshold must be set prior to enabling the endpoint.
- FI_OPT_BUFFERED_MIN - size_t
- Defines the minimum size of a buffered message that will be reported. Applications would set this to a size that’s big enough to decide whether to discard or claim a buffered receive or when to claim a buffered receive on getting a buffered receive completion. The value is typically used by a provider when sending a rendezvous protocol request where it would send atleast FI_OPT_BUFFERED_MIN bytes of application data along with it. A smaller sized renedezvous protocol message usually results in better latency for the overall transfer of a large message.
This call converts a DSCP defined value into a libfabric traffic class value. It should be used when assigning a DSCP value when setting the tclass field in either domain or endpoint attributes
This call returns the DSCP value associated with the tclass field for the domain or endpoint attributes.
This function has been deprecated and will be removed in a future version of the library. It may not be supported by all providers.
The fi_rx_size_left call returns a lower bound on the number of receive operations that may be posted to the given endpoint without that operation returning -FI_EAGAIN. Depending on the specific details of the subsequently posted receive operations (e.g., number of iov entries, which receive function is called, etc.), it may be possible to post more receive operations than originally indicated by fi_rx_size_left.
The fi_tx_size_left call returns a lower bound on the number of transmit operations that may be posted to the given endpoint without that operation returning -FI_EAGAIN. Depending on the specific details of the subsequently posted transmit operations (e.g., number of iov entries, which transmit function is called, etc.), it may be possible to post more transmit operations than originally indicated by fi_tx_size_left.
The fi_ep_attr structure defines the set of attributes associated with an endpoint. Endpoint attributes may be further refined using the transmit and receive context attributes as shown below.
type - Endpoint Type
If specified, indicates the type of fabric interface communication desired. Supported types are:
- The type of endpoint is not specified. This is usually provided as input, with other attributes of the endpoint or the provider selecting the type.
- Provides a reliable, connection-oriented data transfer service with flow control that maintains message boundaries.
- Supports a connectionless, unreliable datagram communication. Message boundaries are maintained, but the maximum message size may be limited to the fabric MTU. Flow control is not guaranteed.
- Reliable datagram message. Provides a reliable, unconnected data transfer service with flow control that maintains message boundaries.
- Data streaming endpoint with TCP socket-like semantics. Provides a reliable, connection-oriented data transfer service that does not maintain message boundaries. FI_EP_SOCK_STREAM is most useful for applications designed around using TCP sockets. See the SOCKET ENDPOINT section for additional details and restrictions that apply to stream endpoints.
- A connectionless, unreliable datagram endpoint with UDP socket-like semantics. FI_EP_SOCK_DGRAM is most useful for applications designed around using UDP sockets. See the SOCKET ENDPOINT section for additional details and restrictions that apply to datagram socket endpoints.
Specifies the low-level end to end protocol employed by the provider. A matching protocol must be used by communicating endpoints to ensure interoperability. The following protocol values are defined. Provider specific protocols are also allowed. Provider specific protocols will be indicated by having the upper bit of the protocol value set to one.
- The protocol is not specified. This is usually provided as input, with other attributes of the socket or the provider selecting the actual protocol.
- The protocol runs over Infiniband reliable-connected queue pairs, using the RDMA CM protocol for connection establishment.
- The protocol runs over the Internet wide area RDMA protocol transport.
- The protocol runs over Infiniband unreliable datagram queue pairs.
- The protocol is based on an Intel proprietary protocol known as PSM, performance scaled messaging. PSMX is an extended version of the PSM protocol to support the libfabric interfaces.
- The protocol sends and receives UDP datagrams. For example, an endpoint using FI_PROTO_UDP will be able to communicate with a remote peer that is using Berkeley SOCK_DGRAM sockets using IPPROTO_UDP.
- The protocol is layered over TCP packets.
- Reliable-datagram protocol implemented over iWarp reliable-connected queue pairs.
- Reliable-datagram protocol implemented over InfiniBand reliable-connected queue pairs.
- Protocol runs over Cray GNI low-level interface.
- Reliable-datagram protocol implemented over message endpoints. RXM is a libfabric utility component that adds RDM endpoint semantics over MSG endpoint semantics.
- Reliable-datagram protocol implemented over datagram endpoints. RXD is a libfabric utility component that adds RDM endpoint semantics over DGRAM endpoint semantics.
- Protocol runs over Microsoft NetworkDirect service provider interface. This adds reliable-datagram semantics over the NetworkDirect connection- oriented endpoint semantics.
- The protocol is based on an Intel proprietary protocol known as PSM2, performance scaled messaging version 2. PSMX2 is an extended version of the PSM2 protocol to support the libfabric interfaces.
protocol_version - Protocol Version
Identifies which version of the protocol is employed by the provider. The protocol version allows providers to extend an existing protocol, by adding support for additional features or functionality for example, in a backward compatible manner. Providers that support different versions of the same protocol should inter-operate, but only when using the capabilities defined for the lesser version.
max_msg_size - Max Message Size
Defines the maximum size for an application data transfer as a single operation.
msg_prefix_size - Message Prefix Size
Specifies the size of any required message prefix buffer space. This field will be 0 unless the FI_MSG_PREFIX mode is enabled. If msg_prefix_size is > 0 the specified value will be a multiple of 8-bytes.
Max RMA Ordered Size
The maximum ordered size specifies the delivery order of transport data into target memory for RMA and atomic operations. Data ordering is separate, but dependent on message ordering (defined below). Data ordering is unspecified where message order is not defined.
Data ordering refers to the access of target memory by subsequent operations. When back to back RMA read or write operations access the same registered memory location, data ordering indicates whether the second operation reads or writes the target memory after the first operation has completed. Because RMA ordering applies between two operations, and not within a single data transfer, ordering is defined per byte-addressable memory location. I.e. ordering specifies whether location X is accessed by the second operation after the first operation. Nothing is implied about the completion of the first operation before the second operation is initiated.
In order to support large data transfers being broken into multiple packets and sent using multiple paths through the fabric, data ordering may be limited to transfers of a specific size or less. Providers specify when data ordering is maintained through the following values. Note that even if data ordering is not maintained, message ordering may be.
- Read after write size. If set, an RMA or atomic read operation issued after an RMA or atomic write operation, both of which are smaller than the size, will be ordered. Where the target memory locations overlap, the RMA or atomic read operation will see the results of the previous RMA or atomic write.
- Write after read size. If set, an RMA or atomic write operation issued after an RMA or atomic read operation, both of which are smaller than the size, will be ordered. The RMA or atomic read operation will see the initial value of the target memory location before a subsequent RMA or atomic write updates the value.
- Write after write size. If set, an RMA or atomic write operation issued after an RMA or atomic write operation, both of which are smaller than the size, will be ordered. The target memory location will reflect the results of the second RMA or atomic write.
An order size value of 0 indicates that ordering is not guaranteed. A value of -1 guarantees ordering for any data size.
mem_tag_format - Memory Tag Format
The memory tag format is a bit array used to convey the number of tagged bits supported by a provider. Additionally, it may be used to divide the bit array into separate fields. The mem_tag_format optionally begins with a series of bits set to 0, to signify bits which are ignored by the provider. Following the initial prefix of ignored bits, the array will consist of alternating groups of bits set to all 1’s or all 0’s. Each group of bits corresponds to a tagged field. The implication of defining a tagged field is that when a mask is applied to the tagged bit array, all bits belonging to a single field will either be set to 1 or 0, collectively.
For example, a mem_tag_format of 0x30FF indicates support for 14 tagged bits, separated into 3 fields. The first field consists of 2-bits, the second field 4-bits, and the final field 8-bits. Valid masks for such a tagged field would be a bitwise OR’ing of zero or more of the following values: 0x3000, 0x0F00, and 0x00FF. The provider may not validate the mask provided by the application for performance reasons.
By identifying fields within a tag, a provider may be able to optimize their search routines. An application which requests tag fields must provide tag masks that either set all mask bits corresponding to a field to all 0 or all 1. When negotiating tag fields, an application can request a specific number of fields of a given size. A provider must return a tag format that supports the requested number of fields, with each field being at least the size requested, or fail the request. A provider may increase the size of the fields. When reporting completions (see FI_CQ_FORMAT_TAGGED), it is not guaranteed that the provider would clear out any unsupported tag bits in the tag field of the completion entry.
It is recommended that field sizes be ordered from smallest to largest. A generic, unstructured tag and mask can be achieved by requesting a bit array consisting of alternating 1’s and 0’s.
tx_ctx_cnt - Transmit Context Count
Number of transmit contexts to associate with the endpoint. If not specified (0), 1 context will be assigned if the endpoint supports outbound transfers. Transmit contexts are independent transmit queues that may be separately configured. Each transmit context may be bound to a separate CQ, and no ordering is defined between contexts. Additionally, no synchronization is needed when accessing contexts in parallel.
If the count is set to the value FI_SHARED_CONTEXT, the endpoint will be configured to use a shared transmit context, if supported by the provider. Providers that do not support shared transmit contexts will fail the request.
See the scalable endpoint and shared contexts sections for additional details.
rx_ctx_cnt - Receive Context Count
Number of receive contexts to associate with the endpoint. If not specified, 1 context will be assigned if the endpoint supports inbound transfers. Receive contexts are independent processing queues that may be separately configured. Each receive context may be bound to a separate CQ, and no ordering is defined between contexts. Additionally, no synchronization is needed when accessing contexts in parallel.
If the count is set to the value FI_SHARED_CONTEXT, the endpoint will be configured to use a shared receive context, if supported by the provider. Providers that do not support shared receive contexts will fail the request.
See the scalable endpoint and shared contexts sections for additional details.
auth_key_size - Authorization Key Length
The length of the authorization key in bytes. This field will be 0 if authorization keys are not available or used. This field is ignored unless the fabric is opened with API version 1.5 or greater.
auth_key - Authorization Key
If supported by the fabric, an authorization key (a.k.a. job key) to associate with the endpoint. An authorization key is used to limit communication between endpoints. Only peer endpoints that are programmed to use the same authorization key may communicate. Authorization keys are often used to implement job keys, to ensure that processes running in different jobs do not accidentally cross traffic. The domain authorization key will be used if auth_key_size is set to 0. This field is ignored unless the fabric is opened with API version 1.5 or greater.
TRANSMIT CONTEXT ATTRIBUTES
Attributes specific to the transmit capabilities of an endpoint are specified using struct fi_tx_attr.
caps - Capabilities
The requested capabilities of the context. The capabilities must be a subset of those requested of the associated endpoint. See the CAPABILITIES section of fi_getinfo(3) for capability details. If the caps field is 0 on input to fi_getinfo(3), the caps value from the fi_info structure will be used.
The operational mode bits of the context. The mode bits will be a subset of those associated with the endpoint. See the MODE section of fi_getinfo(3) for details. A mode value of 0 will be ignored on input to fi_getinfo(3), with the mode value of the fi_info structure used instead. On return from fi_getinfo(3), the mode will be set only to those constraints specific to transmit operations.
op_flags - Default transmit operation flags
Flags that control the operation of operations submitted against the context. Applicable flags are listed in the Operation Flags section.
msg_order - Message Ordering
Message ordering refers to the order in which transport layer headers (as viewed by the application) are identified and processed. Relaxed message order enables data transfers to be sent and received out of order, which may improve performance by utilizing multiple paths through the fabric from the initiating endpoint to a target endpoint. Message order applies only between a single source and destination endpoint pair. Ordering between different target endpoints is not defined.
Message order is determined using a set of ordering bits. Each set bit indicates that ordering is maintained between data transfers of the specified type. Message order is defined for [read | write | send] operations submitted by an application after [read | write | send] operations.
Message ordering only applies to the end to end transmission of transport headers. Message ordering is necessary, but does not guarantee, the order in which message data is sent or received by the transport layer. Message ordering requires matching ordering semantics on the receiving side of a data transfer operation in order to guarantee that ordering is met.
- No ordering is specified. This value may be used as input in order to obtain the default message order supported by the provider. FI_ORDER_NONE is an alias for the value 0.
- Read after read. If set, RMA and atomic read operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other RMA and atomic read operations. If not set, RMA and atomic reads may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- Read after write. If set, RMA and atomic read operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to RMA and atomic write operations. If not set, RMA and atomic reads may be transmitted ahead of RMA and atomic writes.
- Read after send. If set, RMA and atomic read operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to message send operations, including tagged sends. If not set, RMA and atomic reads may be transmitted ahead of sends.
- Write after read. If set, RMA and atomic write operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to RMA and atomic read operations. If not set, RMA and atomic writes may be transmitted ahead of RMA and atomic reads.
- Write after write. If set, RMA and atomic write operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other RMA and atomic write operations. If not set, RMA and atomic writes may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- Write after send. If set, RMA and atomic write operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to message send operations, including tagged sends. If not set, RMA and atomic writes may be transmitted ahead of sends.
- Send after read. If set, message send operations, including tagged sends, are transmitted in order submitted relative to RMA and atomic read operations. If not set, message sends may be transmitted ahead of RMA and atomic reads.
- Send after write. If set, message send operations, including tagged sends, are transmitted in order submitted relative to RMA and atomic write operations. If not set, message sends may be transmitted ahead of RMA and atomic writes.
- Send after send. If set, message send operations, including tagged sends, are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other message send. If not set, message sends may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- RMA read after read. If set, RMA read operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other RMA read operations. If not set, RMA reads may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- RMA read after write. If set, RMA read operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to RMA write operations. If not set, RMA reads may be transmitted ahead of RMA writes.
- RMA write after read. If set, RMA write operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to RMA read operations. If not set, RMA writes may be transmitted ahead of RMA reads.
- RMA write after write. If set, RMA write operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other RMA write operations. If not set, RMA writes may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- Atomic read after read. If set, atomic fetch operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other atomic fetch operations. If not set, atomic fetches may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
- Atomic read after write. If set, atomic fetch operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to atomic update operations. If not set, atomic fetches may be transmitted ahead of atomic updates.
- RMA write after read. If set, atomic update operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to atomic fetch operations. If not set, atomic updates may be transmitted ahead of atomic fetches.
- RMA write after write. If set, atomic update operations are transmitted in the order submitted relative to other atomic update operations. If not atomic updates may be transmitted out of order from their submission.
comp_order - Completion Ordering
Completion ordering refers to the order in which completed requests are written into the completion queue. Completion ordering is similar to message order. Relaxed completion order may enable faster reporting of completed transfers, allow acknowledgments to be sent over different fabric paths, and support more sophisticated retry mechanisms. This can result in lower-latency completions, particularly when using unconnected endpoints. Strict completion ordering may require that providers queue completed operations or limit available optimizations.
For transmit requests, completion ordering depends on the endpoint communication type. For unreliable communication, completion ordering applies to all data transfer requests submitted to an endpoint. For reliable communication, completion ordering only applies to requests that target a single destination endpoint. Completion ordering of requests that target different endpoints over a reliable transport is not defined.
Applications should specify the completion ordering that they support or require. Providers should return the completion order that they actually provide, with the constraint that the returned ordering is stricter than that specified by the application. Supported completion order values are:
- No ordering is defined for completed operations. Requests submitted to the transmit context may complete in any order.
- Requests complete in the order in which they are submitted to the transmit context.
The requested inject operation size (see the FI_INJECT flag) that the context will support. This is the maximum size data transfer that can be associated with an inject operation (such as fi_inject) or may be used with the FI_INJECT data transfer flag.
The size of the context. The size is specified as the minimum number of transmit operations that may be posted to the endpoint without the operation returning -FI_EAGAIN.
This is the maximum number of IO vectors (scatter-gather elements) that a single posted operation may reference.
This is the maximum number of RMA IO vectors (scatter-gather elements) that an RMA or atomic operation may reference. The rma_iov_limit corresponds to the rma_iov_count values in RMA and atomic operations. See struct fi_msg_rma and struct fi_msg_atomic in fi_rma.3 and fi_atomic.3, for additional details. This limit applies to both the number of RMA IO vectors that may be specified when initiating an operation from the local endpoint, as well as the maximum number of IO vectors that may be carried in a single request from a remote endpoint.
Traffic Class (tclass)
Traffic classes can be a differentiated services code point (DSCP) value, one of the following defined labels, or a provider-specific definition. If tclass is unset or set to FI_TC_UNSPEC, the endpoint will use the default traffic class associated with the domain.
- This is the default in the absence of any other local or fabric configuration. This class carries the traffic for a number of applications executing concurrently over the same network infrastructure. Even though it is shared, network capacity and resource allocation are distributed fairly across the applications.
- This class supports low latency, low jitter data patterns typically caused by transactional data exchanges, barrier synchronizations, and collective operations that are typical of HPC applications. This class often requires maximum tolerable latencies that data transfers must achieve for correct or performance operations. Fulfillment of such requests in this class will typically require accompanying bandwidth and message size limitations so as not to consume excessive bandwidth at high priority.
- This class operates at the highest priority, except the management class. It carries a high bandwidth allocation, minimum latency targets, and the highest scheduling and arbitration priority.
- This class is intended for large data transfers associated with I/O and is present to separate sustained I/O transfers from other application inter-process communications.
- This class is used for data that is desired but does not have strict delivery requirements, such as in-band network or application level monitoring data. Use of this class indicates that the traffic is considered lower priority and should not interfere with higher priority workflows.
- This class is intended for traffic directly related to fabric (network) management, which is critical to the correct operation of the network. Its use is typically restricted to privileged network management applications.
- fi_tc_dscp_set / fi_tc_dscp_get
- DSCP values are supported via the DSCP get and set functions. The definitions for DSCP values are outside the scope of libfabric. See the fi_tc_dscp_set and fi_tc_dscp_get function definitions for details on their use.
RECEIVE CONTEXT ATTRIBUTES
Attributes specific to the receive capabilities of an endpoint are specified using struct fi_rx_attr.
caps - Capabilities
The requested capabilities of the context. The capabilities must be a subset of those requested of the associated endpoint. See the CAPABILITIES section if fi_getinfo(3) for capability details. If the caps field is 0 on input to fi_getinfo(3), the caps value from the fi_info structure will be used.
The operational mode bits of the context. The mode bits will be a subset of those associated with the endpoint. See the MODE section of fi_getinfo(3) for details. A mode value of 0 will be ignored on input to fi_getinfo(3), with the mode value of the fi_info structure used instead. On return from fi_getinfo(3), the mode will be set only to those constraints specific to receive operations.
op_flags - Default receive operation flags
msg_order - Message Ordering
For a description of message ordering, see the msg_order field in the Transmit Context Attribute section. Receive context message ordering defines the order in which received transport message headers are processed when received by an endpoint. When ordering is set, it indicates that message headers will be processed in order, based on how the transmit side has identified the messages. Typically, this means that messages will be handled in order based on a message level sequence number.
The following ordering flags, as defined for transmit ordering, also apply to the processing of received operations: FI_ORDER_NONE, FI_ORDER_RAR, FI_ORDER_RAW, FI_ORDER_RAS, FI_ORDER_WAR, FI_ORDER_WAW, FI_ORDER_WAS, FI_ORDER_SAR, FI_ORDER_SAW, FI_ORDER_SAS, FI_ORDER_RMA_RAR, FI_ORDER_RMA_RAW, FI_ORDER_RMA_WAR, FI_ORDER_RMA_WAW, FI_ORDER_ATOMIC_RAR, FI_ORDER_ATOMIC_RAW, FI_ORDER_ATOMIC_WAR, and FI_ORDER_ATOMIC_WAW.
comp_order - Completion Ordering
For a description of completion ordering, see the comp_order field in the Transmit Context Attribute section.
- No ordering is defined for completed operations. Receive operations may complete in any order, regardless of their submission order.
- Receive operations complete in the order in which they are processed by the receive context, based on the receive side msg_order attribute.
- When set, this bit indicates that received data is written into memory in order. Data ordering applies to memory accessed as part of a single operation and between operations if message ordering is guaranteed.
This field is supported for backwards compatibility purposes. It is a hint to the provider of the total available space that may be needed to buffer messages that are received for which there is no matching receive operation. The provider may adjust or ignore this value. The allocation of internal network buffering among received message is provider specific. For instance, a provider may limit the size of messages which can be buffered or the amount of buffering allocated to a single message.
If receive side buffering is disabled (total_buffered_recv = 0) and a message is received by an endpoint, then the behavior is dependent on whether resource management has been enabled (FI_RM_ENABLED has be set or not). See the Resource Management section of fi_domain.3 for further clarification. It is recommended that applications enable resource management if they anticipate receiving unexpected messages, rather than modifying this value.
The size of the context. The size is specified as the minimum number of receive operations that may be posted to the endpoint without the operation returning -FI_EAGAIN.
This is the maximum number of IO vectors (scatter-gather elements) that a single posted operating may reference.
A scalable endpoint is a communication portal that supports multiple transmit and receive contexts. Scalable endpoints are loosely modeled after the networking concept of transmit/receive side scaling, also known as multi-queue. Support for scalable endpoints is domain specific. Scalable endpoints may improve the performance of multi-threaded and parallel applications, by allowing threads to access independent transmit and receive queues. A scalable endpoint has a single transport level address, which can reduce the memory requirements needed to store remote addressing data, versus using standard endpoints. Scalable endpoints cannot be used directly for communication operations, and require the application to explicitly create transmit and receive contexts as described below.
Transmit contexts are independent transmit queues. Ordering and synchronization between contexts are not defined. Conceptually a transmit context behaves similar to a send-only endpoint. A transmit context may be configured with fewer capabilities than the base endpoint and with different attributes (such as ordering requirements and inject size) than other contexts associated with the same scalable endpoint. Each transmit context has its own completion queue. The number of transmit contexts associated with an endpoint is specified during endpoint creation.
The fi_tx_context call is used to retrieve a specific context, identified by an index (see above for details on transmit context attributes). Providers may dynamically allocate contexts when fi_tx_context is called, or may statically create all contexts when fi_endpoint is invoked. By default, a transmit context inherits the properties of its associated endpoint. However, applications may request context specific attributes through the attr parameter. Support for per transmit context attributes is provider specific and not guaranteed. Providers will return the actual attributes assigned to the context through the attr parameter, if provided.
Receive contexts are independent receive queues for receiving incoming data. Ordering and synchronization between contexts are not guaranteed. Conceptually a receive context behaves similar to a receive-only endpoint. A receive context may be configured with fewer capabilities than the base endpoint and with different attributes (such as ordering requirements and inject size) than other contexts associated with the same scalable endpoint. Each receive context has its own completion queue. The number of receive contexts associated with an endpoint is specified during endpoint creation.
Receive contexts are often associated with steering flows, that specify which incoming packets targeting a scalable endpoint to process. However, receive contexts may be targeted directly by the initiator, if supported by the underlying protocol. Such contexts are referred to as ‘named’. Support for named contexts must be indicated by setting the caps FI_NAMED_RX_CTX capability when the corresponding endpoint is created. Support for named receive contexts is coordinated with address vectors. See fi_av(3) and fi_rx_addr(3).
The fi_rx_context call is used to retrieve a specific context, identified by an index (see above for details on receive context attributes). Providers may dynamically allocate contexts when fi_rx_context is called, or may statically create all contexts when fi_endpoint is invoked. By default, a receive context inherits the properties of its associated endpoint. However, applications may request context specific attributes through the attr parameter. Support for per receive context attributes is provider specific and not guaranteed. Providers will return the actual attributes assigned to the context through the attr parameter, if provided.
Shared contexts are transmit and receive contexts explicitly shared among one or more endpoints. A shareable context allows an application to use a single dedicated provider resource among multiple transport addressable endpoints. This can greatly reduce the resources needed to manage communication over multiple endpoints by multiplexing transmit and/or receive processing, with the potential cost of serializing access across multiple endpoints. Support for shareable contexts is domain specific.
Conceptually, shareable transmit contexts are transmit queues that may be accessed by many endpoints. The use of a shared transmit context is mostly opaque to an application. Applications must allocate and bind shared transmit contexts to endpoints, but operations are posted directly to the endpoint. Shared transmit contexts are not associated with completion queues or counters. Completed operations are posted to the CQs bound to the endpoint. An endpoint may only be associated with a single shared transmit context.
Unlike shared transmit contexts, applications interact directly with shared receive contexts. Users post receive buffers directly to a shared receive context, with the buffers usable by any endpoint bound to the shared receive context. Shared receive contexts are not associated with completion queues or counters. Completed receive operations are posted to the CQs bound to the endpoint. An endpoint may only be associated with a single receive context, and all connectionless endpoints associated with a shared receive context must also share the same address vector.
Endpoints associated with a shared transmit context may use dedicated receive contexts, and vice-versa. Or an endpoint may use shared transmit and receive contexts. And there is no requirement that the same group of endpoints sharing a context of one type also share the context of an alternate type. Furthermore, an endpoint may use a shared context of one type, but a scalable set of contexts of the alternate type.
This call is used to open a shareable transmit context (see above for details on the transmit context attributes). Endpoints associated with a shared transmit context must use a subset of the transmit context’s attributes. Note that this is the reverse of the requirement for transmit contexts for scalable endpoints.
This allocates a shareable receive context (see above for details on the receive context attributes). Endpoints associated with a shared receive context must use a subset of the receive context’s attributes. Note that this is the reverse of the requirement for receive contexts for scalable endpoints.
The following feature and description should be considered experimental. Until the experimental tag is removed, the interfaces, semantics, and data structures associated with socket endpoints may change between library versions.
This section applies to endpoints of type FI_EP_SOCK_STREAM and FI_EP_SOCK_DGRAM, commonly referred to as socket endpoints.
Socket endpoints are defined with semantics that allow them to more easily be adopted by developers familiar with the UNIX socket API, or by middleware that exposes the socket API, while still taking advantage of high-performance hardware features.
The key difference between socket endpoints and other active endpoints are socket endpoints use synchronous data transfers. Buffers passed into send and receive operations revert to the control of the application upon returning from the function call. As a result, no data transfer completions are reported to the application, and socket endpoints are not associated with completion queues or counters.
Socket endpoints support a subset of message operations: fi_send, fi_sendv, fi_sendmsg, fi_recv, fi_recvv, fi_recvmsg, and fi_inject. Because data transfers are synchronous, the return value from send and receive operations indicate the number of bytes transferred on success, or a negative value on error, including -FI_EAGAIN if the endpoint cannot send or receive any data because of full or empty queues, respectively.
Socket endpoints are associated with event queues and address vectors, and process connection management events asynchronously, similar to other endpoints. Unlike UNIX sockets, socket endpoint must still be declared as either active or passive.
Socket endpoints behave like non-blocking sockets. In order to support select and poll semantics, active socket endpoints are associated with a file descriptor that is signaled whenever the endpoint is ready to send and/or receive data. The file descriptor may be retrieved using fi_control.
Operation flags are obtained by OR-ing the following flags together. Operation flags define the default flags applied to an endpoint’s data transfer operations, where a flags parameter is not available. Data transfer operations that take flags as input override the op_flags value of transmit or receive context attributes of an endpoint.
- Indicates that all outbound data buffers should be returned to the user’s control immediately after a data transfer call returns, even if the operation is handled asynchronously. This may require that the provider copy the data into a local buffer and transfer out of that buffer. A provider can limit the total amount of send data that may be buffered and/or the size of a single send that can use this flag. This limit is indicated using inject_size (see inject_size above).
- Applies to posted receive operations. This flag allows the user to post a single buffer that will receive multiple incoming messages. Received messages will be packed into the receive buffer until the buffer has been consumed. Use of this flag may cause a single posted receive operation to generate multiple completions as messages are placed into the buffer. The placement of received data into the buffer may be subjected to provider specific alignment restrictions. The buffer will be released by the provider when the available buffer space falls below the specified minimum (see FI_OPT_MIN_MULTI_RECV).
- Indicates that a completion queue entry should be written for data transfer operations. This flag only applies to operations issued on an endpoint that was bound to a completion queue with the FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION flag set, otherwise, it is ignored. See the fi_ep_bind section above for more detail.
- Indicates that a completion should be generated when the
source buffer(s) may be reused. See
fi_cq(3) for additional details on completion semantics.
- Indicates that a completion should be generated when the transmit
operation has completed relative to the local provider. See
fi_cq(3) for additional details on completion semantics.
- Indicates that a completion should be generated when the operation has been
processed by the destination endpoint(s). See
fi_cq(3) for additional details on completion semantics.
- Indicates that a completion should not be generated (locally or at the
peer) until the result of an operation have been made persistent.
fi_cq(3) for additional details on completion semantics.
- Indicates that data transfers will target multicast addresses by default. Any fi_addr_t passed into a data transfer operation will be treated as a multicast address.
Users should call fi_close to release all resources allocated to the fabric endpoint.
Endpoints allocated with the FI_CONTEXT or FI_CONTEXT2 mode bits set must typically provide struct fi_context(2) as their per operation context parameter. (See fi_getinfo.3 for details.) However, when FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION is enabled to suppress CQ completion entries, and an operation is initiated without the FI_COMPLETION flag set, then the context parameter is ignored. An application does not need to pass in a valid struct fi_context(2) into such data transfers.
Operations that complete in error that are not associated with valid operational context will use the endpoint context in any error reporting structures.
Although applications typically associate individual completions with either completion queues or counters, an endpoint can be attached to both a counter and completion queue. When combined with using selective completions, this allows an application to use counters to track successful completions, with a CQ used to report errors. Operations that complete with an error increment the error counter and generate a CQ completion event.
As mentioned in fi_getinfo(3), the ep_attr structure can be used to query providers that support various endpoint attributes. fi_getinfo can return provider info structures that can support the minimal set of requirements (such that the application maintains correctness). However, it can also return provider info structures that exceed application requirements. As an example, consider an application requesting msg_order as FI_ORDER_NONE. The resulting output from fi_getinfo may have all the ordering bits set. The application can reset the ordering bits it does not require before creating the endpoint. The provider is free to implement a stricter ordering than is required by the application.
Returns 0 on success. On error, a negative value corresponding to fabric errno is returned. For fi_cancel, a return value of 0 indicates that the cancel request was submitted for processing.
Fabric errno values are defined in
- A resource domain was not bound to the endpoint or an attempt was made to bind multiple domains.
- The endpoint has not been configured with necessary event queue.
- The endpoint’s state does not permit the requested operation.