fi_msg - Message data transfer operations

fi_recv / fi_recvv / fi_recvmsg
Post a buffer to receive an incoming message
fi_send / fi_sendv / fi_sendmsg
fi_inject / fi_senddata
Initiate an operation to send a message


#include <rdma/fi_endpoint.h>

ssize_t fi_recv(struct fid_ep *ep, void * buf, size_t len,
	void *desc, fi_addr_t src_addr, void *context);

ssize_t fi_recvv(struct fid_ep *ep, const struct iovec *iov, void **desc,
	size_t count, fi_addr_t src_addr, void *context);

ssize_t fi_recvmsg(struct fid_ep *ep, const struct fi_msg *msg,
	uint64_t flags);

ssize_t fi_send(struct fid_ep *ep, void *buf, size_t len,
	void *desc, fi_addr_t dest_addr, void *context);

ssize_t fi_sendv(struct fid_ep *ep, const struct iovec *iov,
	void **desc, size_t count, fi_addr_t dest_addr, void *context);

ssize_t fi_sendmsg(struct fid_ep *ep, const struct fi_msg *msg,
	uint64_t flags);

ssize_t fi_inject(struct fid_ep *ep, void *buf, size_t len,
	fi_addr_t dest_addr);

ssize_t fi_senddata(struct fid_ep *ep, void *buf, size_t len,
	void *desc, uint64_t data, fi_addr_t dest_addr, void *context);

ssize_t fi_injectdata(struct fid_ep *ep, void *buf, size_t len,
	uint64_t data, fi_addr_t dest_addr);


Fabric endpoint on which to initiate send or post receive buffer.
Data buffer to send or receive.
Length of data buffer to send or receive, specified in bytes. Valid transfers are from 0 bytes up to the endpoint’s max_msg_size.
Vectored data buffer.
Count of vectored data entries.
Descriptor associated with the data buffer
Remote CQ data to transfer with the sent message.
Destination address for connectionless transfers. Ignored for connected endpoints.
Source address to receive from for connectionless transfers. Applies only to connectionless endpoints with the FI_DIRECTED_RECV capability enabled, otherwise this field is ignored. If set to FI_ADDR_UNSPEC, any source address may match.
Message descriptor for send and receive operations.
Additional flags to apply for the send or receive operation.
User specified pointer to associate with the operation.


The send functions – fi_send, fi_sendv, fi_sendmsg, fi_inject, and fi_senddata – are used to transmit a message from one endpoint to another endpoint. The main difference between send functions are the number and type of parameters that they accept as input. Otherwise, they perform the same general function. Messages sent using fi_msg operations are received by a remote endpoint into a buffer posted to receive such messages.

The receive functions – fi_recv, fi_recvv, fi_recvmsg – post a data buffer to an endpoint to receive inbound messages. Similar to the send operations, receive operations operate asynchronously. Users should not touch the posted data buffer(s) until the receive operation has completed.

An endpoint must be enabled before an application can post send or receive operations to it. For connected endpoints, receive buffers may be posted prior to connect or accept being called on the endpoint. This ensures that buffers are available to receive incoming data immediately after the connection has been established.

Completed message operations are reported to the user through one or more event collectors associated with the endpoint. Users provide context which are associated with each operation, and is returned to the user as part of the event completion. See fi_cq for completion event details.


The call fi_send transfers the data contained in the user-specified data buffer to a remote endpoint, with message boundaries being maintained. For connection based endpoints (FI_EP_MSG) the local endpoint must be connected to a remote endpoint or destination before fi_send is called. Unless the endpoint has been configured differently, the data buffer passed into fi_send must not be touched by the application until the fi_send call completes asynchronously.


The fi_sendv call adds support for a scatter-gather list to fi_send. The fi_sendv transfers the set of data buffers referenced by the iov parameter to a remote endpoint as a single message.


The fi_sendmsg call supports data transfers over both connected and unconnected endpoints, with the ability to control the send operation per call through the use of flags. The fi_sendmsg function takes a struct fi_msg as input.

struct fi_msg {
	const struct iovec *msg_iov; /* scatter-gather array */
	void               **desc;   /* local request descriptors */
	size_t             iov_count;/* # elements in iov */
	fi_addr_t          addr;     /* optional endpoint address */
	void               *context; /* user-defined context */
	uint64_t           data;     /* optional message data */


The send inject call is an optimized version of fi_send. The fi_inject function behaves as if the FI_INJECT transfer flag were set, and FI_COMPLETION were not. That is, the data buffer is available for reuse immediately on returning from from fi_inject, and no completion event will be generated for this send. The completion event will be suppressed even if the CQ was bound without FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION or the endpoint’s op_flags contain FI_COMPLETION. See the flags discussion below for more details. The requested message size that can be used with fi_inject is limited by inject_size.


The send data call is similar to fi_send, but allows for the sending of remote CQ data (see FI_REMOTE_CQ_DATA flag) as part of the transfer.


The inject data call is similar to fi_inject, but allows for the sending of remote CQ data (see FI_REMOTE_CQ_DATA flag) as part of the transfer.


The fi_recv call posts a data buffer to the receive queue of the corresponding endpoint. Posted receives are searched in the order in which they were posted in order to match sends. Message boundaries are maintained. The order in which the receives complete is dependent on the endpoint type and protocol. For unconnected endpoints, the src_addr parameter can be used to indicate that a buffer should be posted to receive incoming data from a specific remote endpoint.


The fi_recvv call adds support for a scatter-gather list to fi_recv. The fi_recvv posts the set of data buffers referenced by the iov parameter to a receive incoming data.


The fi_recvmsg call supports posting buffers over both connected and unconnected endpoints, with the ability to control the receive operation per call through the use of flags. The fi_recvmsg function takes a struct fi_msg as input.


The fi_recvmsg and fi_sendmsg calls allow the user to specify flags which can change the default message handling of the endpoint. Flags specified with fi_recvmsg / fi_sendmsg override most flags previously configured with the endpoint, except where noted (see fi_endpoint.3). The following list of flags are usable with fi_recvmsg and/or fi_sendmsg.

Applies to fi_sendmsg and fi_senddata. Indicates that remote CQ data is available and should be sent as part of the request. See fi_getinfo for additional details on FI_REMOTE_CQ_DATA.
Indicates that a completion entry should be generated for the specified operation. The endpoint must be bound to a completion queue with FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION that corresponds to the specified operation, or this flag is ignored.
Indicates that the user has additional requests that will immediately be posted after the current call returns. Use of this flag may improve performance by enabling the provider to optimize its access to the fabric hardware.
Applies to fi_sendmsg. Indicates that the outbound data buffer should be returned to user immediately after the send call returns, even if the operation is handled asynchronously. This may require that the underlying provider implementation copy the data into a local buffer and transfer out of that buffer. This flag can only be used with messages smaller than inject_size.
Applies to posted receive operations. This flag allows the user to post a single buffer that will receive multiple incoming messages. Received messages will be packed into the receive buffer until the buffer has been consumed. Use of this flag may cause a single posted receive operation to generate multiple events as messages are placed into the buffer. The placement of received data into the buffer may be subjected to provider specific alignment restrictions.

The buffer will be released by the provider when the available buffer space falls below the specified minimum (see FI_OPT_MIN_MULTI_RECV). Note that an entry to the associated receive completion queue will always be generated when the buffer has been consumed, even if other receive completions have been suppressed (i.e. the Rx context has been configured for FI_SELECTIVE_COMPLETION). See the FI_MULTI_RECV completion flag fi_cq(3).

Applies to fi_sendmsg. Indicates that a completion should be generated when the source buffer(s) may be reused.
Applies to fi_sendmsg. Indicates that a completion should not be generated until the operation has been successfully transmitted and is no longer being tracked by the provider.
Applies to fi_sendmsg. Indicates that a completion should be generated when the operation has been processed by the destination.
Applies to transmits. Indicates that the requested operation, also known as the fenced operation, be deferred until all previous operations targeting the same target endpoint have completed.
Applies to transmits. This flag indicates that the address specified as the data transfer destination is a multicast address. This flag must be used in all multicast transfers, in conjunction with a multicast fi_addr_t.


If an endpoint has been configured with FI_MSG_PREFIX, the application must include buffer space of size msg_prefix_size, as specified by the endpoint attributes. The prefix buffer must occur at the start of the data referenced by the buf parameter, or be referenced by the first IO vector. Message prefix space cannot be split between multiple IO vectors. The size of the prefix buffer should be included as part of the total buffer length.


Returns 0 on success. On error, a negative value corresponding to fabric errno is returned. Fabric errno values are defined in rdma/fi_errno.h.

See the discussion below for details handling FI_EAGAIN.


Indicates that the underlying provider currently lacks the resources needed to initiate the requested operation. The reasons for a provider returning FI_EAGAIN are varied. However, common reasons include insufficient internal buffering or full processing queues.

Insufficient internal buffering is often associated with operations that use FI_INJECT. In such cases, additional buffering may become available as posted operations complete.

Full processing queues may be a temporary state related to local processing (for example, a large message is being transferred), or may be the result of flow control. In the latter case, the queues may remain blocked until additional resources are made available at the remote side of the transfer.

In all cases, the operation may be retried after additional resources become available. It is strongly recommended that applications check for transmit and receive completions after receiving FI_EAGAIN as a return value, independent of the operation which failed. This is particularly important in cases where manual progress is employed, as acknowledgements or flow control messages may need to be processed in order to resume execution.


fi_getinfo(3), fi_endpoint(3), fi_domain(3), fi_cq(3)